Pharaoh Userkaf, 1st king of the 5th dynasty, ruled
Egypt for ~7 years. He built his pyramid at Saqqara at the northeast corner
of Djoser's complex. The local description for the the pyramid is el-haram
el-makherbish "ruined pyramid". The pyramid is not on the tourist
track and requires a 30 minute track tru the soft sand from the step pyramid
to reach. The pyramid has been stripped of its outer casing and appears as
a heap of rubble. Part of the black basalt open court floor is still visible.
A satellite pyramid, 21m square, and third pyramid just south of and outside
the enclosure wall, was apparently for a queen whose name is Neferhetepes.
The open courtyard appears to be in a trench several meter lower than the
surrounding desert. Egyptologist are still debating the reasons why Userkaf,
the founder of the Fifth dynasty, would build his pyramid on this particular
location, away from the 5th dynasty necropolis of Abusir or his predecessor
Shepseskaf in south Saqqara. Userkaf wanted to be close the Djoser's step
pyramid and this location is probably for political and dynastic reasons.
Height 49 m
Base 73.3 x 73.3 m
Slope 53° 07' 48"
Satellite Pyramids (1)
Queens Pyramids (1)